The church was initially called into existence in 30 A.D., on the first Pentecost after the resurrection of Christ. Through the centuries, much of the organization and doctrines of the New Testament church were replaced by the traditions of man. Early in the nineteenth century, there was a general unrest among the churches in America. In all denominations there could be found those who believed that the followers of Christ should lay aside those traditions and go back to the church described in the Bible. Among this number were Thomas Campbell and his son, Alexander. They aimed not to start another church, but to call people back to the church's original teachings. They were not reformers, but restorers, thus starting what is known as the Restoration Movement. Some of the fundamental beliefs of the Restoration Movement are:
"Where the Bible speaks-we speak; where the Bible is silent-we are silent"
"No creed but Christ-No book but the Bible"
"We are not the only Christians-but we're Christians only"
"In essentials-let there be unity, In non-essentials-let there be liberty, In all things let there be love."
Today, the churches of the Restoration Movement are known as Christian Churches, Churches of Christ, etc...